Правила оформлення списку використаної літератури (REFERENCES)


The Journal uses the APA Style (author–date method) short reference system for citations in the text with an alphabetical list at the end of the paper. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list and vice versa. Please check if all names and surnames of the authors, also the details (title, year, volume, pages, etc.) in the list of references are correct.


In the text use the following style examples:

This was discussed by Smart (2016)…" – single author item

This was discussed in full (Smart, 2016)" – single author item

This was discussed in full (Smart & Burkart, 2016) – two authors

This was discussed in full (Smart et al., 2016)…" – 3 or more authors

This was discussed in full (P. Smart, 2016; S. Smart, 2017)…" where items have similar author names

This was discussed in full (Smart, 2016a, 2016b)…" where two or more items are published in the same year


Reference examples:


Montgomery, D. C. (2012). Introduction to statistical quality control (7th ed.). Wiley.

Book chapter

Slack, B. (2007). The terminalisation of seaports. In J. Wang, D. Olivier, T. Notteboom, & B. Slack (Eds.), Ports, cities, and global supply chains (pp. 41–50). Ashgate.

Journal article

Badami, M. G., & Haider, M. (2007). An analysis of public bus transit performance in Indian cities. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41(10), 961–981. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2007.06.002

Conference proceedings

Saraiji, R., Harb, A., & Hamdan, M. O. (2011). Performance of LED street lights in hot environments. In K. Domke & C. A. Brebbia (Eds.), Light in engineering, architecture and environment (pp. 147–158). WIT Press. https://doi.org/10.2495/LIGHT110131

Brown, S., & Caste, V. (2004, May). Integrated obstacle detection framework. Paper presented at the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Detroit, MI.

Thesis or dissertation

Suwetwattanakul, C. (2010). Developing a knowledge sharing model for the implementation of the learning organization in Thailand (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Internet documents

Bown, J. (2019, December 17). How charity apps may be making us more generous. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50572939


Non-book and other formats

Sidra Intersections. (2008). User guide-introduction. Akcelik & Associates Pty Ltd.


European Committee for Standardization. (2005). Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-9: Fatigue (EN 1993-1-9). https://www.phd.eng.br/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/en.1993.1.9.2005-1.pdf

International Organization for Standardization. (1998). Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Instruments for measuring physical quantities (ISO 7726:1998). Geneva, Switzerland.


European Parliament, & Council of the European Union. (2009). Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32009L0028


For citing papers published in the journals available in two or more languages, please give the English citation first, followed by the original language citation.